How High Blood Glucose Levels Destroy 4 Organs
Hyperglycemia, or high blood glucose levels, can be harmful to different organs and systems in the body, especially when chronically elevated over time. Prolonged hyperglycemia is most often linked to uncontrolled diabetes, specifically type 2 diabetes.
Here are four organs that can be adversely affected by high blood glucose levels:
- Heart and Blood Vessels:
– Atherosclerosis: Chronic hyperglycemia can damage the inner lining of blood vessels (endothelium) and promote the buildup of fatty deposits, leading to atherosclerosis. This condition narrows and hardens the arteries, increasing the risk of heart disease, heart attacks, and strokes.
– Hypertension: High blood glucose levels can also contribute to high blood pressure (hypertension), which is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease. It can strain the heart and increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
– Diabetic Nephropathy: Prolonged hyperglycemia can damage the small blood vessels in the kidneys, leading to a condition called diabetic nephropathy. Over time, this can impair kidney function and may progress to chronic kidney disease (CKD) or end-stage renal disease (ESRD) if not managed properly.
– Diabetic Retinopathy: High blood glucose levels can damage the blood vessels in the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. This condition is known as diabetic retinopathy and is a leading cause of blindness in adults. It can cause vision problems and, in severe cases, result in blindness if left untreated.
- Nerves (Neuropathy):
– Peripheral Neuropathy: Elevated blood glucose levels can harm the peripheral nerves, causing peripheral neuropathy. This condition often leads to numbness, tingling, pain, and weakness in the extremities, particularly the feet and legs. It can affect balance and coordination, increasing the risk of falls and injuries.
– Autonomic Neuropathy: High blood sugar can also damage the autonomic nerves that control vital functions such as heart rate, blood pressure, digestion, and bladder function. This can result in a range of symptoms, including irregular heart rhythms, digestive problems, and difficulty regulating blood pressure.
It’s essential to recognize that hyperglycemia affects multiple organ systems in the body, and the damage can be progressive. Managing blood sugar levels effectively through lifestyle changes, medication, and regular medical monitoring is critical in preventing or slowing down the progression of diabetes-related complications.
Furthermore, high blood glucose levels can also impact the liver, contributing to fatty liver disease, and affect the skin, leading to conditions like diabetic dermopathy or diabetic foot ulcers. The negative effects of hyperglycemia highlight the importance of early diabetes diagnosis, regular medical check-ups, and a comprehensive approach to diabetes management, including a healthy diet, physical activity, and medication as prescribed by healthcare professionals.
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Please Note: The diet and watching carbs DOES NOT fix the root issues that make blood sugar go up.